Coronavirus – It comes from a large family of viruses that provoke sicknesses varying from the typical cold to more critical diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a unique twist, which has not been identified before in humans.
What is Coronavirus?
The COVID-19 is the disease provoked through the new coronavirus that began in China in December 2019. Coronaviruses are transmitted among animals & humans, they are also considered as zoonotic. From a thorough investigation, it was found that SARS-CoV did transmit from civet cats to humans, while MERS-CoV transmitted from dromedary camels to humans. There are several known coronaviruses that are in animals, which haven’t yet infected humans.
How Conorovirus Spreads?
As per the current information, COVID-19 may be transferred from one person to another. Also, it can spread through the community, which means people that are infected with the virus in a specific area along with those people who are not sure of how or where they got infected. COVID-19 has been identified in people everywhere in China and over 100 other countries, including the United States, have got affected, through its widespread. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the World Health Organisation and health organisations are intensely monitoring the widespread of this new coronavirus across the globe. On Jan 30, 2020, this new coronavirus- COVID-19 was declared as the public health emergency by the World Health Organisation.
How did this new coronavirus spread to humans?
The new coronavirus- COVID-19 emerged in Wuhan, a city in China, during December 2019.
However, health officials are still investigating the exact origin of this new coronavirus. Initially, it was speculated that the new coronavirus is associated with a seafood market in Wuhan, China. A few people who visited the market got viral pneumonia that was induced by the new coronavirus. Then a report came out on Jan 25, 2020, showed that the individual with the first reported case got sick on Dec 1, 2019, and had no connection with the seafood market. There are still many investigations going on to know how this virus emerged and got spread.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
COVID-19 symptoms involve:
- Shortness of breath
In a few of the rare cases, COVID-19 can lead to critical respiratory problems, kidney failure, or death as well. If someone has a fever or is dealing with any sort of respiratory problem like coughing or shortness of breath, get to your doctor or a health care facilitator and tell your symptoms over the phone before proceeding to the doctor’s office, urgent care facility or emergency room.
How to prevent yourself from this coronavirus?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has instructed preventive measures for COVID-19 that are listed below:
- Washing hands repeatedly and thoroughly for around 20 seconds.
- Make use of alcohol based hand sanitizer, if in case soap and water are not available.
- Make use of tissues to cover coughs and sneezes and then throw that tissue in the trash.
- Without washing your hands its advised not to touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Be at home when you feel sick.
- Try to clean and disinfect the surfaces and objects you come in contact with, that people around you touch frequently.
What to do if you are sick?
People who are moderately ill with COVID-19 can get quarantined at home during their illness. It is highly advised to regulate activities outside your home, except for receiving medical care.
Avoid public areas:
Don’t go to work, school, or any public areas.
Avoid public transportation:
Do not make use of any public transportation, ride-sharing, or taxis.
Before concluding, here are some stats related to corona. The WHO has announced the coronavirus outbreak as a pandemic of the era. It is observed about 145,815 cases of COVID-19 all over the world. The COVID-19 has affected around 145 countries and territories across the world and one international transportation – the Diamond Princess cruise ship harbored in Yokohama, Japan. The number of deaths reported all around the world is about 5,436, and recovered cases are about 72,550. So, it is very crucial for us to be cautious and take on preventive steps to stay away from this lethal virus.
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